What is Concrete and How Is It Made?
Concrete is a material made of water, an aggregate material, usually a fine or coarse aggregate) coarse granular material (the fine and coarse aggregate or filler) embedded in a hard matrix of material (the cement or binder) that fills the space among the aggregate particles and glues them together
According to the Portland Cement Association:
"Concrete is a mixture of paste and aggregates, or rocks. The paste, composed of portland cement and water, coats the surface of the fine (small) and coarse (larger) aggregates. Through a chemical reaction called hydration, the paste hardens and gains strength to form the rock-like mass known as concrete.
Within this process lies the key to a remarkable trait of concrete: it's plastic and malleable when newly mixed, strong and durable when hardened. These qualities explain why one material, concrete, can build skyscrapers, bridges, sidewalks and superhighways, houses and dams."
Take a look around. All those sidewalks, those buildings and just about everything around them all were made from concrete.
Concrete is a central tool in construction and masonry. The material has been around for thousands of years and was first made popular by the Greeks and Romans as far back as 1400 BC.